Planting the garden is an activity for everyone. Based on their abilities, children can help with different planting tasks. Some activities that they can participate in are digging holes for seeds and using rulers to measure how far apart to space plants and how deep to dig holes. Check out “How Children Can Help in the Garden” in the Additional Resources at the end of this section for more ways to get children involved in the garden.

The two main methods for planting are direct seeding and transplanting. Direct seeding is a one-step planting method that requires placing a seed at a certain depth in or on top of the soil. Transplanting is a process that requires starting direct seeding indoors, allowing the seed to germinate. Gradually transition the seedling outdoors for a hardening off period to allow the seedling to adapt to the new growing environment before being planted directly into the soil.

A hand places soybean seeds into a line in the dirt.When planting your garden, consider the following:TIP! Planting trees can create a buffer by protecting against many natural elements like soil erosion, sound and wind. The shade created can be an escape from the sun.

  • Plant Seeds Indoors and/or Outdoors:Many seeds can be planted either inside or outside. Seeds that do not transplant well should be directly sown into their outdoor garden space.
  • Planting Depth: Reference the seed packet for specifics on how deep to plant seeds. For seedlings, reference the plant instruction tag.
  • Plant Spacing: All plants need certain amounts of space to avoid competition for nutrients. Follow recommended spacing requirements on seed packages. Spacing varies for different crops.
  • Days to Germination: This is the number of days it typically takes for seeds to sprout.
  • Days to Harvest: Depending on the crop, there will be a certain number of days before the produce is ready for harvesting.

Replanting and replenishing the soil is a necessary part of the planting process. If a plant dies, remove the plant, add compost, water thoroughly and then replant in that space. To replenish the soil of an entire bed after the harvest, till and amend the soil if necessary, plant a cover crop and/or follow a crop rotation plan.

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